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Mnemonics

Mnemonics

The ABCDE of Melanoma

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Melanoma is a common type of skin cancer that has the ability to metastasize (spread from its site of origin to other parts of the body). It arises when (more…)

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Mnemonics

The 22q11 Microdeletion Syndromes

Reading Time: < 1 minuteThis one has been known to show up in many different forms in the USMLE Step 1 exams, so it’s no wonder it’s a favorite amongst test takers.

For starters, the 22q11 Microdeletion Syndromes are genetic disorders caused by a microdeletion at the 22q11 chromosome i.e a small part on the 22nd chromosome gets deleted. It mainly encompasses 2 syndromes- DiGeorge syndrome and Velocardiofacial syndrome. (more…)

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Mnemonics

The 4D’s of Pellagra

Reading Time: 2 minutesLet’s begin with some background info about Pellagra and Niacin…

The word “pellagra” they say is of Italian origin and means “rough skin” which most likely is referring to the dermatitis that is one of the characteristic symptoms of the disease. It is a disease of (more…)

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