5 Medical Conditions That Only Occur in Men

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As diverse as medical conditions are, there are certain medical conditions that can only be found in males. The 5 mentioned here are all related to the male reproductive organ.

Prostate cancer

The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It sits in front of the rectum, below the bladder, and produces prostatic fluid which makes up about 70% of semen. 

Mount Elizabeth Hospital

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. It is treatable especially when detected early. Most common symptoms include a reduced force of urine stream, blood in urine or semen, burning or pain during urination, trouble starting and stopping urination, frequent urination at night, difficulty achieving an erection, painful ejaculation, and bone pain. 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia 

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland which is more common in black men older than 40 years old. 

The symptoms of BPH include increased frequency and urgency of urination, inability to completely empty bladder with each urination, reduced force of urine stream, and dribbling at the end of urination. 

Georgia Urology


A varicocele is essentially an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum (the ‘skin bag’ that houses the testicles). It can be likened to varicose veins in the legs. 

Varicoceles typically would manifest as a swelling and dull ache in the scrotum, a lump or bulge in one testicle, and visibly twisted and dilated veins in the scrotum commonly described as a ‘bag of worms’. 

Chesapeake Urology

Testicular cancer 

Medical News Today

Testicular cancer is one of the most common types of cancers in young men. It is mostly always treatable. 

Symptoms include a painless lump in one testicle, pain or discomfort in affected testicle and scrotum,  scrotal heaviness, lower back pain, and fatigue. 

Undescended Testicle (Cryptochordism)

The Royal Children’s Hospital

An undescended testicle refers to a testicle that hasn’t descended into its appropriate position in the scrotum during fetal development before a male child is born. 

Featured image: Havard Health

Dr Wendy Evans-Uhegbu

The author Dr Wendy Evans-Uhegbu

Dr. Wendy Evans-Uhegbu is a graduate of The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, with experience in Connected Health, Medical Technology, Clinical Research, Medical Education, Medical Communications, and Web Design/Development. She is a part of the Medics Abroad team with the role of Chief Communications Officer. She is also a Medical Writer at 3D4 Medical and runs a Medical Communications and Children's books company (ODR Integrated Services/ ODR Books).  She is the author of the newly published children's book series "The Things Around Me".

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